Different types of classical music

21 Jan 2020
Old Classical Music Instruments
Old Classical Music Instruments


Music has evolved largely over the years and has had era’s great popularity and success. Classical music is one such era and the term “Classical” is sometimes used to describe music from the period ranging between 1750-1820.

Classical Music is being made since the eleventh century however the term only came about in the 19th century. As such the classical music has a number of genres and sub-genres.


  • Avant-Garde
  • Baroque
  • Chamber Music
  • Chant
  • Choral
  • Classical Crossover
  • Early Music
  • High Classical
  • Impressionist
  • Medieval
  • Minimalism
  • Modern Composition
  • Opera
  • Orchestral
  • Renaissance
  • Romantic
  • Wedding Music


The classical era gave birth to composers like Joseph Haydn, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. During this era standardization of style, presentation, and composition was firmly established.

The piano became the predominant keyboard instrument, and the basics for which instruments were required to construct an orchestra began to form. Opera continued its development throughout this period as well, while the symphony became its own musical form.


Music indulges its audience through a unique mode of communication. Classical music has done so largely thus gaining a lot of popularity however three genres of classical music particularly stand out because of this feature specifically.

  • Avant-Garde: The term “avantgarde” implies a critique of existing aesthetic conventions, rejection of the status quo in favor of unique or original elements, and the idea of deliberately challenging or alienating audiences thus deemed to be at the forefront of innovation of music and acting as encouragement and solace for emerging ideology.
  • Classical Crossover: Classical crossover is a genre that hovers between classical and popular music, composed to target an audience appreciative of both genres. In the most common type of crossover, classically trained performers (most often operatic superstars) sing popular songs, folk music, show tunes, or holiday songs.
  • Medieval: Medieval classical music included the development of complex rhythmic structures, the appearance of polyphonic textures, and the combination of elements from secular and sacred music catering at two opposite interjects of the society.

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